电竞平台

智能工厂信息化标准体系架构研究

2021-01-21 11:36:53 dms@root 29

导读

BENWENTONGGUOFENXIZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAGUANJIANJISHU,WEIRAOZHINENGGONGCHANGJIAZHILIANDEQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQI,CONGXIANCHANGCENG、GUANKONGCENG、QIYECENG、PINGTAICENGYIJIXIETONGCENGWUGEWEIDUDAJIANLEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIAGOU。TONGGUODIAOYANGUOJIGUONEIZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNXIANZHUANG,JIANLILESHIHEWOGUOGUOQINGDEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNTIXIJIAGOU,TONGSHIZHENDUIWOGUOZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNDEYANZHIGONGZUOTICHULEYIJIANJIANYI。

01 引言

ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAZHIDESHIJIANGXIANJINDEGUANLISIXIANGYUJISHUSHOUDUANXIANGJIEHE,YIGONGCHANGXINXIJICHUSHESHIHULIANHUTONGWEIJICHU,JIANGQIYENEIBUYUWAIBUDEXINXIZIYUANJINXINGHUIJUYUZHENGHE,SHIXIANYANFA、CAIGOU、SHENGCHAN、XIAOSHOUDENGGEGEHUANJIEDEXINXIJICHENGYUGONGXIANG,WEIQIYEGUANLITIGONGJUECEYIJU,TIGAOJUECEDEZHUNQUEDUHEYOUXIAOXING,CONGERTISHENGQIYEDEGUANLIXIAOLVHEGUANLISHUIPING。ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABAOHANXINXISHOUJI、XINXIJIAOHU、XINXICUNCHU、XINXIYINGYONG、XINXIXITONGWEIHUDENGNEIRONG。BIAOZHUNGUANCHUANYUZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEYUSHISHIDEZHENGGEGUOCHENG,SHIXINXIHUAJIANSHEYUSHISHIDEYIJUHEZHUNSHENG。YIFANGMIAN,BIAOZHUNNENGGOUWEIQIYEKAIZHANZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEHUODONGTIGONGZHIDAO、ZHIMINGLUJING,BIMIANGEQIYEGEXINGQISHIERZOULEWANLU;LINGYIFANGMIAN,BIAOZHUNNENGGOUWEIQIYEKAIZHANZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEHUODONGTIGONGGUIFANHEZHUNZE,BAOZHENGQIYEDEXINXIANQUANHEXINXIXITONGDEKEKAOXINGDENG。

ZI“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”ZHANLVETICHUYILAI,WOGUOKAIZHANLEGEXIANGZHINENGZHIZAOBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUO,GONGXINBU、GUOBIAOWEILIANHEFABULE《GUOJIAZHINENGZHIZAOBIAOZHUNTIXIJIANSHEZHINAN》,TICHULEZHINENGZHIZAOBIAOZHUNTIXI。DANDANGQIANZHINENGGONGCHANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUORENGCHUYU“MOZHESHITOUGUOHE”DEZHUANGTAI,WUFAYOUJIHUA、YOUZHONGDIANDIKAIZHANGONGZUO。WOGUOZHIDINGLEXITONGJICHENG、HULIANHUTONGDENGYIXILIEYUZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANDEBIAOZHUN,DANMUQIANHAIMEIYOUWANZHENGYIYISHANGKEYIJIEJIANDEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNTIXI,DAOZHIZHEIXIEBIAOZHUNRENGCHUYU“GULI”ZHUANGTAI,BIAOZHUNXIEDIAOXINGBUZU。CIWAI,QIYEDUIZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUADERENZHICHENGDUBUTONG,DOUYIGEZIDELIJIEKAIZHANZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEHUODONG,JIANSHESHUIPINGCANCHABUQI。YINCI,JIXUKAIZHANZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNTIXIYANJIU,WEIZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNDEYANJIUYUZHIDINGTIGONGZHIDAO,GENGHAODIFAHUIBIAOZHUNZAITUIJINZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEZHONGDEJICHUXINGHEYINDAOXINGZUOYONG。

02 智能工厂信息化架构

TONGGUOFENXIZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAGUANJIANJISHU,WEIRAOZHINENGGONGCHANGJIAZHILIANDEQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQI,DAJIANLE“XIANCHANGCENG—GUANKONGCENG—QIYECENG—PINGTAICENG—XIETONGCENG”DEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIAGOU,RUTU1SUOSHI,MEICENGFENGONGBUTONG,DANJINMILIANXI、SHANGXIAJIAOHU,TONGGUOYINGYONGGELEIZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJISHU、BIAOZHUNYUGUIFAN,SHIXIANZHINENGGONGCHANGDEQUANMIANXINXIHUAGUANLI。ZHINENGGONGCHANGDEQUANMIANXINXIHUAGUANLIJIZHONGTIXIANZAIRENJILIAOFAHUANWUGEFANGMIAN,“REN”ZHIZHIZAOCHANPINDERENYUAN,“JI”ZHIZHIZAOCHANPINSUOYONGDESHEBEI,“LIAO”ZHIZHIZAOCHANPINSUOSHIYONGDECAILIAO,“FA”ZHIZHIZAOCHANPINSUOSHIYONGDEFANGFA,“HUAN”ZHICHANPINZHIZAOGUOCHENGZHONGSUOCHUDEHUANJING。

a.png

图1 智能工厂信息化架构

1)XIANCHANGCENG。TONGGUOWANGLUOFUWUQI、WANGLUOTONGXINLIANLUDENGJICHUSHESHISHIXIANCHEJIANWANGLUOBUJU,JINERZHICHIXIANCHANGSHEBEIDETONGXUNGONGNENG。XIANCHANGGONGKONGSHEBEIYUXITONGBAOHANDCS(JISANKONGZHIXITONG)、PLC(KEBIANCHENGLUOJIKONGZHIQI)、SCADA(SHUJUCAIJIYUJIANSHIKONGZHIXITONG)、AGV(ZIDONGDAOYINYUNSHUCHE)、CHUANGANQI、SHUKONGJICHUANG、ZHINENGYIBIAO、GONGYEJIQIRENDENG。XIANCHANGSHUJUCAIJIYUXIANSHISHEBEIBAOHANYIDONGZHONGDUAN(SHOUJI、PINGBANDIANNAODENG)、TIAOMASAOMIAOQIANG、FRIDCAIJIJI、DIANZIKANBAN(JITAIKANBAN、CHANXIANKANBAN、CHEJIANKANBAN)、DAPINGJIANKONGZHONGXINDENG。

2)GUANKONGCENG。LIYONGMES(ZHIZAOZHIXINGXITONG)、PLM(CHANPINQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIGUANLI)、WMS(CANGCHUGUANLIXITONG)DENGXINXIXITONG,JIAQIANGDUICHEJIANXINXIDEZHINENGGUANKONG,LIANJIEXIANCHANGCENGHEQIYECENGLIANGGECENGJI,SHIXIANZHENGTIJIAGOUDEHULIANHUTONG。GAICENGJIZHUYAOBAOHANGONGCHANGJIANMO、SHENGCHANWULIUGUANLIHECANGCHUGUANLIDENGNEIRONG,QIZHONG,GONGCHANGJIANMOBAOHANLIUSHUIXIAN、LIUZHUANKA、GONGXUGONGBU、SHEBEIJITAI、GONGYICANSHU、GONGZHUANGMOJUDENGXINXI;SHENGCHANWULIUGUANLIBAOHANJIANKONGWULIUYUNXINGZHUANGKUANG、GUIHUAYUNSHULUXIAN、JIHUOJIANHUODENG;CANGCHUGUANLIBAOHANHUOWEIBIANMA、JINGQUEDINGWEI、LIUZHUANBIAOQIAN、CHUQUGUIHUA、HUOPINSHANGJIA、HUOPINCHUKUDENG。

3)QIYECENG。ZHENGHEQIYEXINXIGUANLIXITONG,LIYONGERP(QIYEZIYUANJIHUA)、CRM(KEHUGUANXIGUANLI)、SCM(GONGYINGLIANGUANLI)、CAD(JISUANJIFUZHUSHEJI)、CAE(JISUANJIFUZHUGONGCHENG)、CAM(JISUANJIFUZHUZHIZAO)、CAPP(JISUANJIFUZHUGONGYIGUOCHENGSHEJI)、OA(BANGONGZIDONGHUA)DENGRUANJIANXITONG,JIAQIANGDUIJISHU、CAIGOU、XIAOSHOU、RENYUAN、ZIJINDEGUANLI,TONGSHI,SHIXIANQIYEGEBUMENJIANDEXIETONGBANGONG。QIZHONG,JISHUGUANLIBAOHANDUISHEJITUZHI、GONGYIWENJIAN、BIAOZHUNGUIFANDENGFANGMIANDEGUANLI;CAIGOUGUANLIBAOHANGONGYINGLIANGUANLI、ZHIDINGCAIGOUJIHUA、DINGHUOGUANLIDENG;XIAOSHOUGUANLIBAOHANKEHUGUANLI、ZHIDINGXIAOSHOUJIHUA、DINGDANGUANLIDENG;RENYUANGUANLIBAOHANDUIRENYUANZIZHI、JIXIAOKAOHE、GANGWEIZHIZEDENGFANGMIANDEGUANLI;ZIJINGUANLIBAOHANYUSUANGUANLI、YINGSHOUYINGFUZHANGDANGUANLI、CHENGBENHESUANDENG;XIETONGBANGONGBAOHANGONGZUOLIUYINQING、LIUZHUANSHENPI、DIANZIWENKONGDENG。

4)PINGTAICENG。PINGTAICENGZHUYAOZHILIYONGYUNJISUAN、DASHUJUDENGXINXIHUAJISHU,GOUJIANYUNPINGTAI、DASHUJUFENXIPINGTAI、DIANZISHANGWUPINGTAIDENGWANGLUOPINGTAI,JIAQIANGQIYEXINXIHUAGUANLIDEJIZHONGXING、LINGHUOXINGHETONGYIXING,TIGAOQIYEZHENGTIYUNZUOXIAOLV,BANGZHUQIYEKUAISUZHANGWOSHICHANGXUQIU、JIAKUAICHANPINGENGXINSULV,JIAQIANGQIYEYUYONGHUZHIJIANDESHANGYELIANXI,TISHENGQIYECHUANGXINNENGLIHEFUWUSHUIPING。

5)XIETONGCENG。DATONGGONGYINGSHANG、KEHU、JINGXIAOSHANG、WAIXIEJIAGONGSHANG、DISANFANGWULIUGONGSIJIANDEXINXIHUAQUDAO,YOUHUAPEIZHICHANYELIANZHONGBUTONGHUANJIEDEZIYUANYAOSU,JIAQIANGGONGYINGLIANXIETONG、YANFAXIETONG、SHENGCHANXIETONGHEFUWUXIETONG,ZAICHANYELIANZHONGDESHANGXIAYOUJIANXINGCHENGTIZHI、ZENGXIAO、JIANGBENDEDUOYINGJUMIAN。

03 国内外智能工厂信息化标准研制现状

3.1 国际智能工厂信息化标准研制现状

ZAIGUOJIBIAOZHUNHUAZUZHI(ISO)ZHONG,ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHUYAOYOUZIDONGHUAXITONGHEJICHENGJISHUWEIYUANHUI(ISO/TC184)、JISHUCHANPINWENJIANJISHUWEIYUANHUI(ISO/TC10)、CHANPINJIHEJISHUGUIFAN(ISO/TC213)DENGYANJIUZHIDING,SHEJIJICHUGONGXING、JISHUCHANPINWENJIAN、XINXIXITONGYUZIDONGHUAXITONGJICHENGDENGLINGYU。JIEZHIMUQIAN,ISOYIZHIDINGLEISO 15746《ZIDONGHUAXITONGHEJICHENGZHIZAOXITONGDEGAOJIGUOCHENGKONGZHIHEYOUHUANENGLIDEJICHENG》、ISO16300《ZIDONGHUAXITONGHEJICHENGZHIZAOYINGYONGJIEJUEFANGANDENENGLIDANYUANDEHUCAOZUOXING》DENGXILIEBIAOZHUN。JINJINIAN,ISOZAIXINXIJISHUPINGJIA、QIYEPINGGU、XINYIDAIXINXIJISHUDENGFANGMIAN,YANZHILEYIPIBIAOZHUN,RUISO/IEC/IEEE 42030-2019《RUANJIAN、XITONGHEQIYEJIAGOUPINGGUKUANGJIA》BIAOZHUN、ISO/IEC TR 20547《XINXIJISHUDASHUJUCANKAOJIAGOU》XILIEBIAOZHUN、ISO/DIS 22549《ZIDONGHUAXITONGHEJICHENGGONGYEQIYEXINXIHUAHEGONGYEHUARONGHEDEPINGGU》XILIEBIAOZHUN、ISO/CD 23247《SHUZILUANSHENGZHIZAOKUANGJIA》XILIEBIAOZHUN。

ZAIGUOJIDIANGONGWEIYUANHUI(IEC)ZHONG,ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHUYAOYOUGONGYEGUOCHENGCELIANG、KONGZHIHEZIDONGHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUI(IEC/TC65)、WUXIANDIANTONGXINCHUANSHUSHEBEIJISHUWEIYUANHUI(IEC/TC103)、YINPIN/SHIPIN、XINXIJISHUHETONGXINJISHUDIANZISHEBEIANQUANJISHUWEIYUANHUI(IEC/TC108)DENGYANJIUZHIDING,SHEJIGONGYEWANGLUO、GONGYEGUOCHENGCELIANGHEKONGZHI、XITONGHECHANPINDESHENGMINGZHOUQIGUANLIDENGLINGYU。CIWAI,IECYU2015NIANCHENGLILEXINXIANQUANZIXUNWEIYUANHUI(IEC/ACSEC),ZHUYAOKAIZHANZHINENGZHIZAOZAINEIDEXINXIANQUAN、SHUJUYINSIBAOHUDENGLINGYUDEGUOJIBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUO,XIEDIAOYUXINXIANQUAN、SHUJUBAOHUXIANGGUANDEHUODONG。IECZAOZAI2012NIANJIUFABULEIEC TR 62794-2013《GONGYEGUOCHENGCELIANGKONGZHIHEZIDONGHUASHENGCHANGUOCHENGBIAOSHIYONGCANKAOMOXING(SHUZIGONGCHANG)》BIAOZHUN,ZHEIYESHIIECYIFABUDEGONGYE4.0DEHEXINBIAOZHUN(XIANYIBEIIEC/TS 62832-1-2016TIDAI)。MUQIAN,IECZHENGZAIYANZHIIEC 62541ED3《OPCTONGYIJIAGOU》、IEC 62769 ED2《XIANCHANGSHEBEIJICHENG(FDI)》DENGXILIEBIAOZHUN。

ISOHEIECLIANHEDEXINXIJISHUWEIYUANHUI(ISO/IEC JTC1),ZHUYAOKAIZHANXINXIJISHULINGYUDEGUOJIBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUO,BAOKUOXINXICAIJI、BIAOSHI、CHULI、ANQUAN、CHUANSHU、JIAOHUAN、XIANSHI、GUANLI、ZUZHI、CUNCHUHEJIANSUOJISHU,YIJIXITONGJIGONGJUGUIFANFANGMIANDEGUOJIBIAOZHUNHUA。IEC/TC65YUISO/TC184YU2017NIANLIANHECHENGLILE“ZHINENGZHIZAOCANKAOMOXING”LIANHEGONGZUOZU(JWG21),ZHIZAIZHIDINGZAISHIJIEFANWEINEITUIXINGDEZHINENGZHIZAOTONGYICANKAOMOXING。

ZAIGUOJIDIANXINLIANMENG(ITU)ZHONG,ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHUYAOYOUXINLINGYAOQIU、XIEYIHECESHIGUIFANYANJIUZU(ITU-TSG11)、BAOKUOYIDONGHEXIAYIDAIWANGLUO(NGN)ZAINEIDEWEILAIWANGLUOYANJIUZU(ITU-TSG13)、ANQUANYANJIUZU(ITU-TSG17)DENGYANJIUZHIDING,SHEJIWANGLUOANQUAN、TONGXINXIEYIDENGLINGYU。

3.2 我国智能工厂信息化标准研制现状

ZAIGUOJIABIAOZHUNHUAGUANLIWEIYUANHUIZHONG,ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNZHUYAOYOUQUANGUOXINXIJISHUBIAOZHUNHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUI(SAC/TC 28)、QUANGUOGONGYEGUOCHENGCELIANGHEKONGZHIBIAOZHUNHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUI(SAC/TC 124)、QUANGUOJISHUCHANPINWENJIANBIAOZHUNHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUI(SAC/TC 146)、QUANGUOZIDONGHUAXITONGYUJICHENGBIAOZHUNHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUI(SAC/TC 159)、QUANGUOXINXIANQUANBIAOZHUNHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUI(SAC/TC 260)、QUANGUOTONGXINBIAOZHUNHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUI(SAC/TC 485)DENGYANJIUZHIDING。

ZAI2010NIANZHIQIAN,WOGUOZAIKAIZHANZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNYANZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAODUODISHIJIANGGUOJIBIAOZHUNZHUANHUAWEIGUOJIABIAOZHUN,ZHIHOU,WOGUOZIZHUYANZHIDEXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNBIZHONGZHUJIANZENGJIA。《GUOJIAZHINENGZHIZAOBIAOZHUNTIXIJIANSHEZHINAN(2015NIANBAN)》DESHISHI,TUIJINLEZHINENGZHIZAOBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUODEYOUXUKAIZHAN,TISHENGLEWOGUOXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNDEYANZHISHUIPING,TUIDONGLEWOGUOZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEJINCHENG。TONGSHI,WOGUOZHUAZHULEXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUDEFAZHANJIYU,YANZHILEGB/T 37700-2019《XINXIJISHUGONGYEYUNCANKAOMOXING》、GB/T 34068-2017《WULIANWANGZONGTIJISHUZHINENGCHUANGANQIJIEKOUGUIFAN》、20182047-T-339《ZHINENGZHIZAOXUNIGONGCHANGXINXIMOXING》(YANZHIZHONG)DENGYIPIXIANJINSHIYONGDEBIAOZHUN,BINGNULIJIANGBUFENGUOJIABIAOZHUNSHANGSHENGWEIGUOJIBIAOZHUN,DAFUTISHENGLEWOGUOGUOJIBIAOZHUNJINGZHENGLI。CIWAI,WOGUOXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNHUAZUZHIGENJUZHINENGGONGCHANGDINGZHIHUATEDIAN,JIEHEXINGYEXUQIU,ZHIDINGLESJ/T 11666.9-2016《ZHIZAOZHIXINGXITONG(MES)GUIFANDI9BUFEN:JIXIEJIAGONGXINGYEZHIZAOZHIXINGXITONGRUANJIANGONGNENG》、YD/T 3597-2019《ZHICHISHIHUAXINGYEZHINENGGONGCHANGDEYIDONGWANGLUOJISHUYAOQIU》DENGXINGYEBIAOZHUN,WEIBUTONGXINGYEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHETIGONGLEGUIFANHEZHIDAO。

04 智能工厂信息化标准体系架构

4.1 智能工厂信息化标准体系架构建设原则

JIYUZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIAGOU,JIEHEZHINENGGONGCHANGXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNYANZHIXIANZHUANG,TICHUSHIYONGYUWOGUODEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNTIXIJIAGOU,BINGZUNXUNYIXIAYUANZE:

1)YUGUOJIJIEGUI

BIAOZHUNTIXIJIAGOUGOUJIANGUOCHENGZHONGYINGJUYOUGUOJISHIJIAO,CHONGFENXIQUYUJIEJIANGUOJIXIANGGUANBIAOZHUNDECHENGGUOYUJINGYAN,JIJICAIYONGGUOJIBIAOZHUN,SHIXIANGUONEIBIAOZHUNYUGUOJIBIAOZHUNJIEGUI。

2)SHIDUQIANZHAN

ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNTIXIJIAGOUYINGNENGFANYINGXINXIHUAJISHUDEFAZHANSHUIPING,ZAIBAORONGZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJISHUYINGYONGXIANZHUANGDEJICHUSHANG,CAIYONGSHIDUQIANZHANDESILU,CHONGFENKAOLVZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJISHUFAZHANQUSHI,ZAIWEIWOGUOBURUZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEDEQIYETIGONGSHISHIZHINANDETONGSHI,WEIWOGUOZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUACHENGDUJIAOGAODEQIYETICHUFAZHANFANGXIANG。

3)YAOSUQIQUAN

CHONGFENKAOLVZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEZHONGDEGEYOUGUANHUANJIE,QUANMIANHANGAISHEJI、SHENGCHAN、WULIUDENGGUOCHENGZHONGSHEJIDEXINXIYAOSU,TISHENGZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNDEXIEDIAOTONGYIXING。

4)DONGTAIGUANLI

ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJISHUFAZHANXUNSU,TICHUDEBIAOZHUNTIXIJIAGOUYINGTIXIANKAIFANGXING,CAIQUDONGTAIGUANLIDEFANGSHI,CHIXUYOUHUAWANSHANTIXIJIEGOU,BAOZHENGBIAOZHUNTIXIYUZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJISHUFAZHANXIANGXIEDIAO。

4.2 ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNTIXIJIAGOUJIZUCHENGSHUOMING

RUTU2SUOSHI,ZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUNTIXIJIAGOUYOUJICHUGONGXING、GUANJIANJISHUHEXINGYEYINGYONGSANBUFENZUCHENG。

b.jpg

图2 智能工厂信息化标准体系架构

1)JICHUGONGXINGBIAOZHUN

JICHUGONGXINGBIAOZHUNBAOKUOSHUYUHEDINGYI、FUHAOHEBIANMA、CANKAOMOXING、ZHIBIAOTIXIHESHISHIZHINANDENGBIAOZHUN,YONGYUJIEJUEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANDEJICHUGONGXINGGUANJIANWENTI。SHUYUHEDINGYIBIAOZHUNYONGYUTONGYIZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAXIANGGUANGAINIAN,WEIQITAGEBUFENBIAOZHUNDEYANZHITIGONGZHICHENG;FUHAOHEBIANMABIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANZHINENGGONGCHANGSHENGCHANHEGUANLIGEHUANJIEDECHANPINBIAODA,WEIZHINENGGONGCHANGDESHUJUJICHENG、JIAOHUGONGXIANGDENGDIANDINGJICHU;CANKAOMOXINGBIAOZHUNYONGYUBANGZHUGEFANGRENSHIHELIJIEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUADEBIAOZHUNHUADUIXIANG、BIANJIE、GEBUFENDECENGJIGUANXIHENEIZAILIANXI;ZHIBIAOTIXIBIAOZHUNYONGYUZHENDUIGEXINGYE、QIYEHEXIANGMUDENGKAIZHANZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAFANGMIANDEPINGGU;SHISHIZHINANBIAOZHUNWEIQIYEKAIZHANGEXIANGZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUAJIANSHEHUODONGTIGONGZHIDAOJIANYI。

c.png

图3 关键技术标准子体系

2)GUANJIANJISHUBIAOZHUN

RUTU3SUOSHI,GUANJIANJISHUBIAOZHUNBAOKUOZHINENGSHEJI、ZHINENGSHENGCHAN、ZHINENGWULIU、YINGJIANXITONGJICHENG、GONGYERUANJIANYUAPP、GONGYEHULIANWANG、GONGYEDASHUJU、GONGYEYUN、SHANGWUFUWUDENGBIAOZHUN。

ZHINENGSHEJIBIAOZHUNBAOKUOCHANPINSHEJIYUFANGZHENBIAOZHUN、GONGYISHEJIYUFANGZHENBIAOZHUNHESHIYANFANGZHENBIAOZHUN,YONGYUGUIFANCHANPINHEGONGYIDESHEJI、FANGZHEN、YOUHUADENGFANGMIANDEJISHUYAOQIU,QUEBAOCHANPINSHEJIQUANGUOCHENGDEBIAOZHUNHUAGUANLI。

ZHINENGSHENGCHANBIAOZHUNBAOKUOSHENGCHANJIHUABIAOZHUN、SHENGCHANZHIXINGBIAOZHUN、ZHILIANGGUANKONGBIAOZHUNHESHEBEIYUNWEIBIAOZHUN,YONGYUGUIDINGZHINENGGONGCHANGSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGYINGMANZUDEYAOQIU,QUEBAOZHIZAOGUOCHENGDEZHINENGHUA、ROUXINGHUAHEMINJIEHUA。SHENGCHANJIHUABIAOZHUNBAOKUOJIHUAXIETONG、JIHUAPAICHAN、YOUHUADIAODUDENGBIAOZHUN;SHENGCHANZHIXINGBIAOZHUNBAOKUOXIETONGSHENGCHAN、SHENGCHANGUOCHENGJIANSHI、SHENGCHANGUOCHENGYOUHUA、SHENGCHANJIXIAOFENXIDENGBIAOZHUN;ZHILIANGGUANKONGBIAOZHUNBAOKUOZHILIANGJIANKONG、ZHILIANGPANDING、ZHILIANGZHUISU、ZHILIANGYOUHUADENGBIAOZHUN;SHEBEIYUNWEIBIAOZHUNBAOKUOSHEBEIYUNXING、SHEBEIJIANKONG、SHEBEIWEIHUDENGBIAOZHUN。

ZHINENGWULIUBIAOZHUNBAOKUOZHINENGCANGCHUBIAOZHUNHEZHINENGPEISONGBIAOZHUN,YONGYUZHIDAOZHINENGGONGCHANGNEIBUWULIUXITONGDESHEJI、JIANSHEYUGUANLI。ZHINENGCANGCHUBIAOZHUNBAOKUOWULIAOBIAOSHI、CHUWEIBIANMA、CHUKURUKUDENGBIAOZHUN,QUEBAOCANGCHUWULIUDEGAOXIAOGUANKONG;ZHINENGPEISONGBIAOZHUNBAOKUOPEISONGLUJINGGUIHUA、PEISONGSHEBEIJIANKONG、PEISONGZHUANGTAIGENZONGDENGBIAOZHUN,QUEBAOYUNSHUWULIUDEJINGYIHUAGUANKONG。

YINGJIANXITONGJICHENGBIAOZHUNBAOKUOSHIBIEYUCHUANGANSHEBEIJICHENGBIAOZHUN、SHUKONGJICHUANGYUSHEBEIJICHENGBIAOZHUN、RENJIJIAOHUSHEBEIJICHENGBIAOZHUN、GONGYEJIQIRENJICHENGBIAOZHUNHEKONGZHIXITONGJICHENGBIAOZHUNDENG。YINGJIANXITONGJICHENGBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANGONGCHANGDEYINGJIANSHEBEIJIXIANGYINGKONGZHIXITONGDEJICHENGYUHUCAOZUOXINGYAOQIU,FUHETONGYONGJIEKOUZHONGTEDINGDEGONGNENGGUANXI,QUEBAOYINGJIANXITONGJIANDEXINXIGONGXIANGYUJIAOHU。

GONGYERUANJIANYUAPPBIAOZHUNBAOKUOCHANPINYUXITONGKAIFABIAOZHUN、XITONGJICHENGBIAOZHUN、FUWUYUGUANLIBIAOZHUN、CESHIYUPINGJIABIAOZHUNDENG。CHANPINYUXITONGKAIFABIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANRUANJIANGONGNENG、RUANJIANXINGNENG、RUANJIANKAIFAHUANJINGDENGYAOQIU;XITONGJICHENGBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANRUANJIANYUYINGJIANZHIJIAN、RUANJIANYURUANJIANZHIJIANDEJICHENGYUHUCAOZUOXINGYAOQIU,QUEBAOZHINENGGONGCHANGBUTONGCENGJIDEXINXIJIAOHU;FUWUYUGUANLIBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANRUANJIANGONGYINGSHANGDEFUWUYAOQIU,BINGZHIDAORUANJIANYINGYONGQIYEJINXINGGONGYERUANJIANDEXUANXINGYUGUANLI;CESHIYUPINGJIABIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANZHINENGGONGCHANGXIANGGUANRUANJIANDECESHIHEPINGJIAGUOCHENG,ZHIDAOXIANGGUANFANGKAIZHANRUANJIANCESHIHEPINGJIALIUCHENG。

GONGYEHULIANWANGBIAOZHUNBAOKUOWANGLUOHULIANBIAOZHUN、BIAOSHIJIEXIBIAOZHUN、WANGLUOSHEBEIBIAOZHUN、WANGLUOANQUANBIAOZHUN、CESHIYUPINGJIABIAOZHUNDENG,YONGYUZHIDAOQIYEJINXINGWANGLUOHUANJINGDEDAJIANYUYUNWEI。WANGLUOHULIANBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANQIYENEIWAIWANGLUOHULIANSHEJIDEXIEYI、JIEKOUDENGYAOQIU;BIAOSHIJIEXIBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANBIAOSHISHUJUCAIJI、JIEXI、CUNCHUDENGFANGMIANDEYAOQIU;WANGLUOSHEBEIBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANQIYENEIBUWANGLUOSHEBEI(RUGONGYEWANGGUAN、GONGYEJIAOHUANJI、GONGYELUYOUQIDENG)DEGONGNENG、XINGNENGHEGUANLIDENGFANGMIANDEYAOQIU;WANGLUOANQUANBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANZHINENGGONGCHANGDETONGXINWANGLUOHEBIAOSHIJIEXIXITONGDEANQUANJIANKONG、FANGHU、JIANCEDENGFANGMIANDEJISHUYAOQIU,YIJIXIANGGUANWANGLUOANQUANCHANPINDEJISHUYAOQIU;CESHIYUPINGJIABIAOZHUNWEIGONGYEHULIANWANGDECESHIHEPINGJIAGUOCHENGTIGONGZHIDAOHEYIJU。

GONGYEDASHUJUBIAOZHUNBAOKUOSHUJUCAIJIBIAOZHUN、SHUJUCHULIBIAOZHUN、SHUJUFUWUYUGUANLIBIAOZHUN、SHUJUANQUANBIAOZHUN,YONGYUGUIFANCHANPINQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIGEGEHUANJIESUOCHANSHENGDEGELEISHUJUDEHUOQU、CHULIHEYINGYONGGUOCHENG。SHUJUCAIJIBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANSHUJUCAIJIFANWEI、LIUCHENG、XINXIZAITIDENGYAOQIU;SHUJUCHULIBIAOZHUNBAOKUOSHUJUYUCHULI、SHUJUFENXI、SHUJUWAJUEDENGBIAOZHUN;SHUJUFUWUYUGUANLIBIAOZHUNBAOKUOSHUJUCUNCHU、SHUJUKESHIHUA、SHUJUFANGWENDENGBIAOZHUN;SHUJUANQUANBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANSHUJUCAIJI、CHULI、GUANLIGUOCHENGZHONGCAIYONGDEANQUANBAOHUJISHU,FANGZHISHUJUZAODAOPOHUAI、EYIGENGGAIHEXIELU。

GONGYEYUNBIAOZHUNBAOKUOZIYUANBIAOZHUNHEFUWUBIAOZHUN,YONGYUZHIDAOGONGYEYUNPINGTAIDESHEJI、DAJIANYUYUNWEI,GUIFANGONGYEYUNFUWUDEBUSHU、GONGYINGHEGUANLIDENGFANGMIANDEYAOQIU。ZIYUANBIAOZHUNBAOKUOGONGYEYUNPINGTAIJIANSHE、YUNXINGYUWEIHUDENGBIAOZHUN;FUWUBIAOZHUNBAOKUOGONGYEYUNFUWUYAOQIU、GONGYEYUNFUWUPINGGUDENGBIAOZHUN。

SHANGWUFUWUBIAOZHUNBAOKUODIANZISHANGWUBIAOZHUN、WULIUFUWUBIAOZHUNHEPINGJIABIAOZHUN,BAOZHANGZHIZAOQIYEDEFUWUZHILIANG。DIANZISHANGWUBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANLIYONGDIANZIXINXIJISHUKAIZHANSHANGWUHUODONGDEGUOCHENG;WULIUFUWUBIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANZHIZAOQIYEYUKEHUZHIJIANLIYONGXINXIHUAJISHUKAIZHANSHANGPINLIUTONGDEGUOCHENG,ZHEILIYAOHEZHINENGWUBIAOZHUNLIUYUYIQUFEN,ZHINENGWULIUBIAOZHUNCEZHONGYUQIYENEIBUCAILIAO、CHANPINDENGDELIUTONG;PINGJIABIAOZHUNYONGYUGUIFANZHIZAOQIYELIYONGXINXIHUAJISHUKAIZHANSHANGWUFUWUDEGUOCHENG,ZHIDAOXIANGGUANFANGKAIZHANFUWUPINGJIAHUODONG。

3)XINGYEYINGYONGBIAOZHUN

XINGYEYINGYONGBIAOZHUNBAOKUOJIXIEXINGYEBIAOZHUN、HANGKONGXINGYEBIAOZHUN、HANGTIANXINGYEBIAOZHUN、SHIHUAXINGYEBIAOZHUN、QICHEXINGYEBIAOZHUN、DIANZIXINGYEBIAOZHUNHEQITA。GAIBUFENBIAOZHUNZHUYAOZHIZHENDUIBUTONGXINGYEZHUANMENZHIDINGDEZHINENGGONGCHANGXINXIHUABIAOZHUN,ZHEIXIEBIAOZHUNBUJUYOUTONGYONGXING,ZHISHIHEZAITEDINGXINGYEZHONGYINGYONG。

05 结束语
智能工厂信息化标准研制工作涉及的标准化组织较多,建议在国家层面成立智能制造信息化标准联合工作组,整合标准资源,统筹协调相关工作,加强跨组织、跨地区之间的合作,加快建立具有科学性、系统性、适用性和前瞻性的智能工厂信息化标准体系,确保标准体系与国际对接,按照“统筹规划、分步实施”的原则,推进标准体系实施,避免相关标准的重复、交叉、滞后,保证相关标准化工作的有序开展,提升相关标准的有效供给。此外,我国要积极参与相关国际标准化工作,将更多的我国标准提交为国际标准提案,深度参与智能工厂信息化国际标准的研制,进一步提升我国在国际标准化领域的话语权和竞争力。

GUANYUDAMEISHENG:

BEIJINGDAMEISHENGRUANJIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI(YIXIAJIANCHENG“DAMEISHENG”,GUPIAODAIMA:430311)SHIYIJIAKUAPINGTAIZICHANQUANSHOUQISHUJUGUANLI(ALIM)PINGTAITIGONGSHANG,ZHILIYUTONGGUOZIZHUKESHIHUA、QINGLIANGHUAHEXINJISHU,JIYUGONGCHENGHEYUNWEIYITIHUASHUJU,WEIKEHUGOUJIAN“SHUZILUANSHENG(Digital Twin)”,DAZAOQUANSHOUQIZICHANGUANLIYUJIAZHITISHENGJIEJUEFANGAN。

DAMEISHENGTONGGUOSHIDUONIANJISHUDAMOHEJINGYANLEIJI,CHUANGLI“SANWEIYITI”CHANPINHEFUWU:

“1”GEYINQING:KUAPINGTAIKESHIHUAYINQINGeZWalker;

“2”GEPINGTAI:GONGCHANGKESHIHUADASHUJUGUANLIPINGTAIPIMCenter/eZWalker TeslaKESHIHUAKAIFAPINGTAI;

“3”GEYINGYONG:GONGCHENGXIANGMUGUANLIXITONG PIMCenter PPM/YUNXIETONGJIYIJIAOXITONG PIMCenter HO /ZICHANGUANLIXITONG PIMCenter APM。

DAMEISHENGWEIGUOJIAGAOXINJISHUQIYE、ZHONGGUANCUNGAOXINJISHUQIYE、《GONGCHENGJIANSHEBIAOZHUNHUA》LISHIHUILISHIDANWEI, ISO15926GUONEISHOUJIAFAQICHENGYUAN,CFIHOSZUZHICHENGYUANDANWEI,BINGTONGGUOLEISO9001、ISO14001、OHSAS18001DENGZHILIANGTIXIRENZHENG;RONGHUO2016NIANDUZUIJIASHUZIHUAGONGCHANGFUWUSHANG、2016NIANDU“JICHUSHE SHIKESHIHUAZICHANGUANLIZUIJIAYINGYONGJIANG”;QIQUANZIZIGONGSISICHUANDAMEISHENGGONGCHENGSHEJIYOUXIANGONGSIJUBEISHIYOUTIANRANQISHEJIZIZHI。



标签:   智能工厂 信息化 标准体系架构 全生命周期